Igor Yankovsky: In years to come hospitals will be changed! In your opinion, how will they look like? As for me, they more and more look like the vehicle service stations, but for human body, rather than for vehicles. In 5 or 10 years everything related to treatment will be easier, faster, and more affordable. You just come back from the summer vacation, have yourself examined, your problem is detected, spare parts are replaced – like the seasonal technical maintenance of your vehicle.
For instance, person went on vacation to Turkey according to “all inclusive” system, he enjoyed his time, caused major damage to his health, and loaded all the systems of his body. When he came back home he turned to hospital, where, like at the vehicle service station, something was literally replaced in his body, something was repaired and fixed somehow. Upon discharge from hospital he was as good as new – young and healthy.
Here are some facts that count in favor of comparison of future hospital with ordinary vehicle service station.
Let’s consider, for instance, endoscopic surgeries. Currently they are conducted everywhere. Endoscopic surgery is less traumatic for the patient – there are no scalpels, hemostatic clamps, large surgical incisions. In most cases it turns out that the patient may go home in a few hours upon completion of this surgery.
Yet another fact: even today the medical industry is embarked on more efficient course in terms of delivery of the medicaments into the body. When we usually take pills, most of the actual substance is wasted to no purpose, while passing through the digestive tract. In addition to the above, on frequent occasions this causes damage to our bodies.
Soon, precise and targeted delivery methods of actual substance will come into routine use. For instance, even now we have aerosols. If you use them, you may just take a breath of insulin or painkiller. And thus, medicines will be absorbed by the body through the lungs much faster. As a consequence, adverse effects caused by medication intake, will be minimized. What is more – carriers are completely different.
Medical equipment will also be changed in a substantial way. At the moment, if you are dealing with the construction of hospital, you will see that equipment is the most expensive item in your cost sheet. Moreover, many devices and apparatus inevitably became out of date, like those that relate to the use of radiation, for instance.
In the measurable future, equipment will be much more effective, informative, and safer. We already have ultrasonography machines that are just like the magnetic resonance imaging machines as to their diagnostic capabilities. Soon we will have diagnostic apparatus that will examine your blood, will consider some markers and will automatically deliver medical assessment reports: large bulk of data on the state of the patient.
A short time ago, new startup was introduced in the Silicon Valley – device able to determine the presence or absence of more than 1,000 bacteria, fungi and viruses. All what it needs is a drop of blood and one day. This not only speeds up the diagnostic process, but also allows us to detect rare, and difficult to diagnose infectious diseases. In addition to the above, development of information technologies in the medical industry and creation of huge databases will allow us to promptly send the patient to the required doctor. This doctor will be highly skilled in treatment methods of particular disease and will examine you at the place convenient for you.
Everyone has heard about 3D printing of organs. After all, pretty soon it will be possible to print any organ in such a manner. Nowadays, 3D printing is widely used by the dentists and surgeons. This technology will only develop and progress over time.
An important point is that future hardware diagnostics methods – using the general appearance of the patient or medical analyses – will exclude the human factor that inevitably exists, when some person is doing this job.
Hospitals will no longer be the establishments for persons having a special status, like they are today. It will be an ordinary building, where medical devices will be gathered, and where a small number of maintenance personnel work. This field shall be simplified, inclusive of acquisition of licenses for medical establishments.
Needless to say that the hospital will still be the hospital – it will have surgical rooms and will be sterile. Emergency medical services that need the utmost care and professional competence of the doctors will not disappear. However, many processes that waste too much time, efforts and money, will be significantly simplified and mechanized.