The level of education and income is directly relevant to the life expectancy. The secret lies in the healthcare, sanitation, and the way of life of rich and poor people.
The joke about the wedding vow “I promise to love you, to be your friend, and your partner in crime and life, till death do us part, and for the time of our lives – but it would be better to live in health, in joy, and in wealth, than in sorrow, sickness, and poverty” has played out in fresh colors. It is no secret that the sound health and good mood could raise life expectancy. But the bare fact that wealth and high level of education prolong life is something new.
The International Monetary Fund has some statistical data showing a clear correlation between the poverty, educational background, and expected duration of life. The diagram proves that there is a significant difference in life expectancy. This demographic data inequality of examined countries made researchers study its roots and possible ways to deal with it.
There is a deep imbalance in estimated life expectancy of undereducated and well-educated people in each of the countries. Sure thing, this is only an assumption (figure shows life expectancy of men at age 25 as of 2017), but it is fully supported by the results multi-year research. Thus, well-educated men living in Urkraine’s neighboring country, Hungary, will live 14 years longer on average as compared to his low-educated fellows, who neglected to study.
Yet another dependence may be seen on the diagram by comparing the average level of income in different countries: it is clear that people live longer in wealthier countries. The remarkable thing is that the study has used the statistics of countries with average and high income per capita, save for the outsiders – obviously poor countries.
Researchers at IMF say that rich and well-educated people live longer for several reasons as follows:
- More educated persons live in more developed regions of the country – they have better access to healthcare services than those, who live away from hospitals.
- An average citizen of more developed countries usually has access to better healthcare system.
- Better nutrition, better sanitation, and access to clean water.
- Healthy lifestyle and lack of bad habits (smoking, alcohol, sugar) are peculiar to highly educated citizens of developed countries.
- Redistribution of costs for healthcare, non-corruption, and shifting health spending toward the most cost-effective services such as primary and preventive care.
Experts at the International Monetary Fund believe that eliminating inequalities in basic health coverage, while keeping spending levels unchanged, could raise life expectancy, on average, by 1.3 years in both emerging market and low-income countries.