The Lancet has published global study results as to the dangers of alcohol abuse.
Unsettling news for those, who like drinking, is published in The Lancet Journal. The results of the study, conducted by international team of researchers, state that allowable alcohol consumption rates stall be revised.
Researchers reported that safe weekly “dose” of alcohol is 100 gr (2.5 l of mid-strength beer, five 175 ml glasses of mid-strength wine or 5 to 6 shot glasses of 40% ABV drink). Moreover, in this case researchers made no gender-related adjustments – this rate is applicable for both men and non-pregnant women.
As a comparison: currently USA’s the weekly rate for man free of chronic diseases is up to 196 gr of alcohol, in Poland – up to 280 gr, in Ireland – up to 210 gr, in the UK – up to 112 gr. As a general rule, the dosage for women is 1.5 to 2 smaller.
In order to determine what amount of alcohol may be drunk by a relatively healthy person with no serious damage to the health, a team of researchers from the United Kingdom, Australia, Norway, Finland, Spain, Sweden, Germany, France, the Netherlands, Japan and other countries have compared 83 prospective studies of the relationship between alcohol consumption and mortality from different causes.
The sample of the study included almost 600,000 drinkers from 19 countries. Moreover, researchers have access to information about their age, sex, race, amount of daily consumed alcohol, other bad health habits, illnesses, and death within at least one year. As of the start of the study, none of the participants was suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Participants were divided into groups according to weekly volume of alcohol consumed.
It turned out that the expected life expectancy of people, who drank less than 100 gr of alcohol per week, is half a year longer than of those, who consumed 100 to 200 gr per week, two years longer than of those, who consumed 200 to 350 gr, and five years longer than of drunkards, who were not afraid to consume more than 350 gr of alcohol every single week.
However, there is some good news too: if a person drinks 100 gr of alcohol per week, his risk of myocardial infarction is reduced by 48%.
Moreover, researchers concluded that there is direct relationship between the volume of alcohol consumed and risk of cardiovascular diseases. Alcohol abuse increases the chances of coronary heart disease, hypertensive emergency, and heart attack.
Every additional 100 gr of alcohol per week increase the risk of heart attack by 14%, hypertension resulting in death – by 24%, cardiac insufficiency – by 9%, aortic aneurism rupture – by 15%.