How much do you know about Mars and its research history?

Recently NASA has launched its InSight lander. In late November it shall land on the Red Planet and collect some data that will help us to understand its interior. InSight is the first ever spacecraft that was entrusted to undertake this mission. And while we watching it fly, we offer you to check how much do you know about Mars and its research history.

Inasmuch as not a single spacecraft that landed on Mars, have never returned back to Earth, researchers do not have even an ounce of Martian rock to study it here, on Earth.

1. Exactly. It's so obvious!
2. There is every likelihood that this statement is false, since some meteorites found on Earth are very likely to be pieces of Mars that have reached our planet.
3. This is simply not true. In early 2000’s 73 grams of Martian soil were delivered to Earth as a part of Opportunity mission. Currently this soil is in possession of NASA.


Right you are! The database of the Meteoritical Society contains more than two hundred on them.

… are the natural satellites of Mars

1. Phobos and Deimos
2. Phoboses
3. It has none of them

Phobos and Deimos. They are named after ancient Greek Gods, sons of Ares and Aphrodite.

Water on Mars is contained in…

1. Very humid atmosphere.
2. Huge underground reservoirs that occupy at least 25% of planet's volume.
3. Polar caps.

Polar caps. Though, in addition to water ice, there is frozen carbon dioxide there.

“Olympus Mons” with regard to Mars stands for…

1. Extensive area close to the Martian equator that is about 600 meters in elevation. The images taken by “Viking-1” camera in 1975 show that it looked like the mountain scene of Greece.
2. The only known active volcano in our Solar System beyond the Earth.
3. Extinct volcano of the highest mountain in the Solar System

The height of the extinct volcano is almost 22 km.

Mars is very similar to Earth by its...

1. Length of year and day.
2. Length of day and angle of axial tilt.
3. Size and weight.

Solar day on Mars is called "sol" and lasts 24 hours 37 minutes. Axial tilt – 25,19° (as you probably already know, it is almost 23,5° on Earth).

American orientalist, diplomat, mathematician, and astronomer Percival Lowell (1855-1916) is famous for the fact that...

1. He observed human-made channels on the surface of Mars and supported the hypothesis stating that life on this planet exists.
2. He spent 25 years to the development of world’s first theory about human space travel to the Mars that turned out to be fundamentally flawed.
3. He ran for the president of the United States in 1904 and chose protection against Martian aliens invasion as the main item of his election program.

Percival Lowell published books “Mars and Its Canals” and “Mars as the Abode of Life”.

The main character of “The Martian” movie, events of which occur in the future, is trying to establish radio contract with the Earth by using...

1. Mars Pathfinder spacecraft that landed on Mars in 1997.
2. The wreckage from James Webb Space Telescope that is currently scheduled to be launched in 2020 and that allegedly hit Mars based on the screenplay.
3. Lomonosov Mars Explorer spacecraft which has never actually existed.

This was precisely Mars Pathfinder. In case you do not believe – rewatch this movie again.

So far, all successful or partially successful missions to the Red Planet (both orbital and landing ones) were performed by three players only: the USA, the USSR, and the EU.

1. Exactly, but this is primarily not because of technical obstacles, but because of so-called Ramsar Convention signed in 1965 by these global players, which actually prohibited China from developing its Martian missions.
2. That’s not true, since the only lander module “Schiaparelli” in the history of Europe went to pieces in 2016 during the landing.
3. It’s not true. In 2014 India has successfully launched its “Mangalian” spacecraft into orbit around Mars.

India has launched “Mangalian” at a relatively cheap price and on the first try.

One of the main tasks of “ExoMars” mission, that is being performed jointly by the European Space Agency and the Russian space agency Roscosmos is to

1. Search for signs of past of existing life on the Red Planet.
2. Find and explore exoplanets similar to Mars located relatively close to our Solar System.
3. Explore small Exotic Plain on Mars with rather unusual composition of superficial rock that tightly bound to the deposits of foraminifera marine organisms on Earth.

“ExoMars” shall, in particular, figure out what is the source of methane on Mars.

On May 05, two tiny satellites unofficially called Wall-E and Eva were launched aboard InSight spacecraft heading to Mars. What for?

1. They have no specific task. Both of them bear identical microchip with the names of all those, who financially supported the InSight mission.
2. Their goal is to check how such miniature devices will operate in outer space and whether they will be able to transfer information about entry of InSight into the atmosphere of the Red Planet and its landing.
3. They shall take up their positions between Earth and Mars to boost the radio signal.

We have just been telling about this on the website of Innovation House.

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How much do you know about Mars and its research history?

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